Sino ang pilosopo sa dalawang nagtatalo na ito?

Maitim pa ang surface ng kalsada sa tira ng aspalto pero sabi ng isang kritiko sa defender ng nagpagawa ng road construction, “Tingnan mo, hayan o wala nang aspalto.” Mali ba ang kritiko? (The surface of the passageway is still black with left-over asphalt but a critique to a defender of the one who caused the road to be constructed asserted, ‘Look exactly there, there is no more asphalt.’ Is the critique wrong?

The problem in argument comes around when the two parties arguing have dissimilar points of reference!




What’s the issue? the problem?

A defender of a head of a local government unit and another fellow, a leader of a civic organization, were arguing. The subject matter is a passageway which was asphalted thru the effort then of the LGU head; but now, after barely 1 year, is already said to be bald with the asphalt (pudpod na ang aspalto). The civic group leader was saying strongly “Nakita ninyo iyan, o, wala na! (“Can’t you see that? There’s no more!”) He is pertaining to the asphalt. This civic group leader is spearheading a community protest because the LGU head’s projects such as this one in question are of substandard quality. So, the defender retorted, “Anong wala na? Hayan o, ang itim-itim. Bulag ka ba?!” (What are you trying to say, no more? Can’t you see? Look exactly, it is pitch black. Are you blind?”) Observers witnessing the argument could see that the passageway is really black with asphalt though the asphalt on the road appeared to be thinned out (manipis na). Now, who is illogical between the two? Who is pilosopo? Is the civic leader pilosopo for judging that there is no more? Or the defender is pilosopo for defending that there is still?




SAY IT RIGHT LOGICALLY brings the issue to light:

Who is the one wrong?

The defender is wrong. The civic group leader is right because he is pertaining to the SURFACE on the road, that very surface level on which the asphalt layer is supposed to be still intact for barely one year.

Toward what point of view should the interpretation direct?

He should not be interpreted to be referring to that level of the surface of the road where there appears to be only thin paint-brushed-look leftover of the asphalt after the upper level was eaten out by the elements (water, heat of the sun, use of the road, wear and tear, etc.) for one year of use due to the substandard material used and the substandard construction made. The passageway project should still be serviceable with the asphalt beyond one year even up to twenty years if only it was made standard.

Again, let’s emphasize the point of view

Again, the civic group leader should be understood to be pertaining to the layer just above the left-over thin coating of the asphalt. That layer above the thin coating indeed has no more asphalt, supposed to be as expected there has.

Air your grievance in this forum. We in this site forum and any advocating reader will help one another so that we may detect the illogical, trap the inconsistency; let you stand your ground, hold your oppressor back, debunk your basher, and, tune things straight, fine and upfront.


How should you decide and defend yourself in a hostile circumstance? (on issues with philosophical and legal implications)

Are you in blunder what reasonable decision to take or what reason to apply in a problem or conflict? (Naguguluhan ka ba kung anong makatwirang desisyon ang gagawin o anong katwiran ang iyong gagamitin sa isang problema o gusot?

You may be a boss, director, company owner, manager, supervisor, head, parent, or head of the family. And you are faced with a tough situation, probably conflict, problem, complaint, quarrel, etc. Or you may be an employee, subordinate, member, student, neighbor, layperson, or in an inferior position in the same situation as in above. Now, how would you decide a conflict or how would you defend yourself in a conflict. Or how would you know which side to take. Or how would you know when to submit yourself to other superior reason not your own. When would you place yourself in a logical stance?


(Maaaring ikaw ay amo, direktor, may-ari ng kompanya, manedyer, bisor, puno, magulang, o pangulo ng pamilya at nahaharap ka sa isang mabigat na sitwasyon, halimbawa ay gusot, problema, sumbong o reklamo, awayan, atbp. O maaaring ikaw ay kawani, tauhan, kasapi ng grupo, estudyante, kapitbahay, o nasa mababang posisyon sa parehong sitwasyong nabanggit sa itaas. Ngayon, paano ka magdi-desisyon ng gusot o paano mo ipagtatanggol ang iyong sarili sa gusot. O ano ba ang panig na papanigan mo. O paano mo malalaman kung saan at kailan ka pasasakop sa mas nakakaangat na katwiran kahit hindi mo katwiran. Kailan at saan mo ilalagay ang iyong sarili na nasa makatwirang tindig?)


Our site associate, Atty. Riche Regala, guides you through one of the paradigms of logical steps in solving conflict issues with some legal implication. His paradigm that is gisted from relevant materials or sources, such as several legal and philosophical books and treatises and court decisions is one of our modest contributions through blogging and computer program developing to help you out in crisis management. Along with our other paradigms treated in this site, his paradigm could be not necessarily perfect yet the nearest logical device from which you can pattern your opinion-making, conviction-forming, interpretation-doing, and decision-making when confronted with issues dilemma. See these links that are parts of Regala’s originally developed computer utility being sold in a digital format named haiNa2.0Note: We tackle issues that are confrontational and with some legal and philosophical implications only.






Easy Layman’s Guide to Avoiding, Pursuing and Defending a Lawsuit

Introducing your Ultimate Guide to Bouncing Checks (B.P. 22). Compact, easy-to-understand guidebook FOR NON-LAWYERS to help them avoid, pursue, or defend a B.P. 22 lawsuit!

This ebook understands that it is intimidating for lay or average learners (Filipino learners) to walk through legal intricacies (mga pasikut-sikot), so it makes the intricacies easy and simple for them without consulting a lawyer.


So, if you are a businessman or an ordinary folk (kahit sino na hindi lawyer) who encounters, have encountered, or expecting a problem on BP22, here comes this book that will provide answers to all the things you have been craving to know about bouncing checks.


The author, one of our site associates, says that although there are available resources online, yet for most of those concerned, connecting the resources together will entail a huge effort.


The Ultimate Guide to Bouncing Checks, therefore, organized and simplified the topic so that it would be much easier for one to understand the issues and matters regardless of the stage of one’s B.P. 22 lawsuit.






Not only do we find and offer easy paradigms in translation and in confrontational dilemma solving, but likewise in legal problems and battle. Remember this: Our books, utilities, and programs are catered to the average Pinoys. We make learning and tasks easy!



Easy Paradigm in Legal Research and Organizing of Legal Resources

This is a good info to Filipino lawyers, law students, and legal professionals! — You can find your legal queries by presenting accurate results. You can organize you legal resources in a fully customizable outline where you can embed your documents, search results, comments, text snippets, citations, links to websites, and other applications. Here comes a program (developed by one of our site associates) called haiNa 2.0, an ELRM (Electronic Legal Resource Management) computer utility that makes it easy for users from the legal realm to facilitate their legal exploring, thus avoiding the hassles of the typical and commonplace methods. The features of this electronic utility are NOT AVAILABLE THROUGH ONLINE SEARCH USING COMMON INTERNET SEARCH ENGINES.

What does this program challenge you on? Firstly, it asks you this –


“How fast can you find the latest and most relevant Supreme Court decisions on a particular issue?


You either have an internet connection or you don’t. If you don’t, then get your dusty books and scan the table of contents. You are lucky if the cases cited in your book have not been superseded yet by new rulings. Otherwise, you will be copying obsolete citations.


If you have an internet connection you can try to navigate to any of the following websites: Supreme Court, Laszphil, or Chanrobles. If your internet connection is slow and you are using an old portable wifi hotspot, you will get fed up waiting for the page to load. If you are impatient, you will leave the computer and try again on another day.


If you are lucky to live or work in a city, you might find a wifi hotspot with a high-speed internet connection. Browsing any website would not be a problem for you. But how do you find the relevant cases buried deep among the unmapped links on those websites?


You resort to online search engines such as Google, Yahoo, or Bing. You get your search results almost instantly and you think nothing else could do better. Only because you have not seen better. haiNa 2.0 is definitely a better tool!”




haiNa New

Also, if you are looking for a legal defender, Regala Llagas and Lelis Law Office is a full-service Filipino Law Firm providing reliable and cost-effective solutions for litigation, government, business, real property,and family concerns. Look up in You can see that not only do we find and offer easy paradigms in translation and in confrontational dilemma solving but likewise in legal research. Remember this: Our books, utilities, and programs are catered to the average Pinoys. We make learning and tasks easy!




Is insurance a heredity? Sibling relationship is broken because of wrong interpretation of Insurance versus Heredity

The complaining sister against her brother blurts out that the insurance (proceeds) should be distributed to them equally.

Sibling relationship sometimes gets affected because of lack of knowledge of definitions of certain things. Kadalasan, ang kakulangan ng basic knowledge sa mga mahahalagang bagay about civil life ang nagiging dahilan ng awayan. May kasabihan nga, “little knowledge is a dangerous thing.”







What’s the issue? the problem?


One married woman condemns his brother for the fact their mother made him in charge of procuring the release of the proceeds for the life insurance taken up by their father with the Philamlife when the father was still alive. The brother was successful in having procured it, so, the amounts of hundred thousands were released to him that he then distributed to them except to the complaining married woman/sister. In that insurance, all the siblings and their mother were the beneficiaries except the married woman. Background of the insurance: When the father took the life insurance, all the siblings of three out of four were of minor age and one is, although of major age, yet totally handicapped. On the contrary, the married woman/sister was of major age that time and already married. But now, the married woman complains why she does not receive a share. She reasons out that the released money (proceeds) should be distributed to them equally because according to her, every inheritance of a deceased parent should be given to the surviving children and the spouse equally. So, she thinks of her brother as a cheater. He cheated her according to her.









SAY IT RIGHT LOGICALLY brings the issue to light:

Who is the one wrong?

The married woman/sister of the siblings is misunderstanding the case. The definition of Insurance in Philippine Civil Code tells that it is “an undertaking for a consideration to indemnify another against loss, damage or liability arising from a known or contingent event.”

When confronting problems like this, your first rationalization duty is to look at definitions

While the definition may be long, the shortest and understandable definition is that it is A COVERAGE PROTECTION BY INDEMNIFICATION. Indemnification means reimbursement, repay, refund, remuneration, compensation. We will not tackle here all the kinds of insurance. It is important to note here that in Life Insurance, it simply means that the one who took it up is ensuring the living circumstance of those he is obliged to support just in case something bad happens to him which is his death. Therefore, as in the situation above, when he dies, those minor siblings and the handicapped and the mother are the ones at stake because they are still under his protection and support.

So what is the status of the complaining woman?

The married child (the complainer in this case) was already discarded from the financial protection of the father because she was already of major age that time and that, being married, it is her own husband who, in socio-legal culture, already assumed the responsibility of financially protecting her. She is not covered by the indemnificatory protection under the insurance of the father.

What should the complaining woman understand well?

Insurance is AN ENSURING. Hence, it is an obligation. Just look at the three words in the definition of Insurance namely, “loss, damage, and liability.” Without any or all of these words, Insurance for those who will benefit from its proceeds will not be effective. Ito and dapat maintindihan ng kapatid na babae. This is what the sister should understand. Would she suffer loss or damage if his father died soon that time?  Would his father be still liable for her that time? The answer is BIG NO! Ang magsasa-suffer ng loss at damage ay ang mga kapatid niya na minor at ang nanay nila. Oo, magsa-suffer siya ng MORAL LOSS pero hindi financial loss.

The reason why insurance is called indemnificatory obligation

Kaya nga ang tawag sa Insurance ay indemnificatory coverage kasi ang ibig sabihin ng indemnity ay financial benefit. Hindi kailangang i-indemnify ang moral loss kundi ang financial loss lang, kapag insurance ang pinag-uusapan.

On the opposite, what is Inheritance?

On the contrary, Inheritance means residual benefits.

“The inheritance of a person includes not only the property and the transmissible rights and obligations existing at the time of his death but also which that have accrued thereto since the opening of the succession.” ( Article 781 of the Civil Code of the Philippines) It pertains to all those assets left “after the obligations are settled or deducted.”

Bago makipag-away, ano ang dapat tiyakin? Before quarreling somebody, what should one ascertain first?

Bago tayo mang-away at mag-condemn lalo na kung kadugo, dapat mag-alam muna tayo ng mga basic knowledge na kailangan natin sa ating pang-araw-araw na civil life.

Air your grievance in this forum. We in this site forum and any advocating reader will help one another so that we may detect the illogical, trap the inconsistency; let you stand your ground, hold your oppressor back, debunk your basher, and, tune things straight, fine and upfront.


Humiliating someone because of wrong interpretation of company secret

Is the wrongful, illegal act of a student of a school a company secret that is not ought to be divulged by the faculty?

If a faculty divulges the illegal act committed by a student, can the faculty be charged for divulging company secret?










What’s the issue? the problem?


A teacher of a school was suspended and demoted by the director. The suspension and demotion sprang from the case where a student of the school under the charge of the teacher was found possessing drugs. The teacher reported the incident first to his co-teachers for the purpose of deliberating among them what action to do. The teacher confiscated the drugs from the student. The director freaked out. She was worried that the incident could taint the image of their school since a commotion was created because of the teacher’s reporting to her co-teachers. She wouldn’t want the incident to be revealed because it was disgraceful to the company according to her. So, she was angry with the teacher who caused it to be revealed (even among themselves — those in the school who were concerned.) The director cited the company (school policy) that is allegedly violated by the teacher thus, “… divulging confidential or restricted company secrets or information without authority whether or not damage has occurred to the company, as well as commission of any act of disloyalty which affects the goodwill of the company.”








SAY IT RIGHT LOGICALLY brings the issue to light

Who is being unfair?

What an unfair act of the Director! Her contention is absolutely wrong and illogical.

Misplaced use of the term ‘company secret’ and failure to refresh oneself about what ‘conventional’ matters are

Company secrets should pertain to the” trade secrets” — those concerning the TRADING aspects of the company as a business. Those are secrets whose details are drafted by convention. By convention, we mean by deliberated and decided agreements by the incorporators or officers that are not for illegal purposes. They are conventional because they are already known to the company since the company or those comprising it has already caused these secrets to exist internally and not extraneous. Extraneous means those that are brought to the company which are not agreed by the company through convention (agreement).

Is the student’s act part of the conventional matters of the company?

In this present case, the incident caused by the student is for illegal purposes and not agreed (convened for or made conventionally) by the company. Walang kinalaman ang company. Hindi iyan pinag-usapan ng company o ng mga opisyal nito.

Student’s act not part of the non-divulging clause in the comapany policy

The act and the incident caused by the student simply should not be taken as a matter that ought to be a secret of the company in such a way that when divulged by a member of the personnel like the teacher is a cause for punishment against such teacher, whatsoever.

Not an honorable secret in fact

In fact, the act committed by the erring student was not an honorable secret, but a condemnable and worth exposing deed. No confidentiality and trust are ever honorable and worth keeping in the use and illegal possession of prohibited drugs! That has to be exposed, as a matter of fact. Dapat nga iyang ibulgar! What a pity for the teacher! Kinawawa naman ng director ang teacher!

Air your grievance in this forum. We in this site forum and any advocating reader will help one another so that we may detect the illogical, trap the inconsistency; let you stand your ground, hold your oppressor back, debunk your basher, and, tune things straight, fine and upfront.